Phyllostachys bambusoides, commonly known as Japanese timber bamboo or Madake, is a species of bamboo native to Japan and China. Phyllostachys bambusoides is known for its tall and erect growth, typically reaching up to 15-20 meters in height in some parts of Australia. The
mature culms (stems) can have a 10-15 centimetres diameter. The culms are thick-walled and dark green with occasional yellow or purplish tints.
The leaves of Phyllostachys bambusoides are lance-shaped and typically measure around 15-20 centimetres long and 2-3 centimetres wide. They have a dark green colour and a slightly serrated edge.
The culm sheaths are initially green, covering the emerging culms, and eventually turn brown as they age. They may also display some occasional dark spots.
Phyllostachys bambusoides is highly valued for its timber, known for its strength and durability. The culms, such as building houses, furniture, and flooring, are particularly sought after for construction purposes. The timber is known to be resistant to decay and insect damage. However, this can be easily treated.
This bamboo species thrives in a temperate climate and prefers moderately moist, well-drained soil. It can tolerate a range of soil pH levels but prefers slightly acidic to slightly alkaline conditions. Phyllostachys bambusoides is hardy and can withstand temperatures as low as -15°C.
Japanese timber bamboo is known for its fast growth rate, with shoots capable of growing up to one meter per day under ideal conditions, such as in tropical areas of Australia. This makes it a popular choice for creating privacy screens, beautiful walk-ways in a large rural areas or as a windbreak.
Due to its impressive height and rapid growth, Phyllostachys bambusoides can be used to create natural barriers or privacy screens. If you are situated in a rural property, you could create a beautiful tunnel walkway with Bamboo. It also adds a unique and tropical touch to the surroundings.
Phyllostachys bambusoides/ Madake bamboo is a running bamboo. Running bamboo spreads by sending out underground rhizomes, which can result in the bamboo spreading and potentially becoming invasive if not properly contained. It is important to use appropriate containment methods, such as installing rhizome Root barriers, to control the spread of running bamboo species.
Light requirements: Phyllostachys bambusoides thrives in full sun to partial shade. Ensure that it receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth. Medake is one of the largest, most reliable, easy-to-grow, giant bamboo.
Watering: Adequate watering is crucial during the first year after planting. Provide regular and deep watering, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist. Once established, it becomes more drought-tolerant but still benefits from occasional deep watering during dry spells.
Soil: This bamboo species prefers well-draining soil with a pH level between 5.5 and 7.5. Prior to planting, amend the soil with organic matter to improve drainage and fertility.
Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the plant, such as wood chips or straw, to help retain moisture, suppress weed growth, and regulate soil temperature.