Phyllostachys edulis, commonly known as Moso bamboo, is a species of bamboo native to China and Taiwan. It belongs to the Poaceae family and is one of the world’s largest and fastest-growing bamboo species.
Phyllostachys edulis can reach impressive heights of up to 23 meters (75 feet) or more in some parts of Australia, with a diameter of about 15-20 centimetres (6-8 inches). Its towering stature makes it a significant bamboo species.
This bamboo species is renowned for its rapid growth. In ideal conditions, Phyllostachys edulis can grow about 1 meter (3.3 feet) per day during the growing season. It typically reaches its maximum height in 4-5 months. Only in tropical regions, Moso bamboo will not potentially grow to its full potential height in Victoria.
The culms, or stems, of Phyllostachys edulis are robust and sturdy. They are characterised by a yellow-green colour with a smooth, glossy texture. Over time, the lower parts of the culms exhibit a beige colour due to the protective sheathes falling off.
The foliage of Phyllostachys edulis consists of long and slender leaves. The leaves are a vibrant green colour, creating an attractive appearance.
Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) is a running bamboo species. Running bamboo, also known as invasive bamboo, is characterised by its spreading rhizomes that can travel long distances underground and sprout new shoots. This type of bamboo can be quite aggressive in its growth and requires containment measures to prevent it from spreading beyond desired boundaries.
Phyllostachys edulis has multiple practical applications. Its sturdy culms are utilised in construction, furniture making, and various crafts. The bamboo young shoots are edible and considered a delicacy in many Asian cuisines. Additionally, Phyllostachys edulis is commonly used in landscaping due to its impressive height and robust nature.
Phyllostachys edulis is well-suited to a temperate climate with mild winters and warm summers. It can tolerate temperatures as low as -12°C but may suffer damage in colder conditions. It prefers well-drained soil and can thrive in various light conditions, from full sun to partial shade.
Phyllostachys edulis, or Moso bamboo, is admired for its impressive size, rapid growth, and versatility and beauty. Whether utilised in construction, enjoyed as a culinary delight, or simply appreciated for its aesthetics, this bamboo species holds a significant place in various aspects of human life and the natural environment.VIEW IN SHOP
Sunlight: Moso bamboo thrives in full sun to partial shade. It requires at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day to promote healthy growth.
Soil: The soil should be well-draining to prevent waterlogged conditions. Moso bamboo prefers slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.0.
Watering: Adequate watering is essential, especially during the growing season. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Avoid letting the soil completely dry out between waterings. Provide a deep watering once or twice a week, allowing the water to penetrate through the root zone.
Mulching: Applying a layer of organic mulch around the base of the bamboo plant helps retain moisture, suppresses weed growth, and regulates soil temperature. Use a 2-3 inch layer of mulch, such as shredded bark or wood chips, but keep it a few inches away from the bamboo's culms to avoid rotting.
Fertilisation: Moso bamboo benefits from regular fertilisation during the growing season. Apply a balanced, slow-release fertiliser specifically formulated for bamboo plants. And also a high Nitrogen. You can find out more about fertilising in our blog, feeding your bamboo.
Pruning: Prune any dead or damaged culms as they appear. Thinning out overcrowded culms can also improve the overall health and appearance of the plant. Prune during the dormant season before new growth begins.
Controlling Spread: As Moso bamboo spreads through rhizomes, it's important to contain the plant to prevent it from invading unwanted areas. Purchase a root barrier from Bamboo Creations. We use high-density polyethylene. Barriers that will limit the spread of rhizomes. Ensure the barrier extends at least 70 to 80cm deep into the soil to prevent rhizome escape.
Winter Protection: In colder climates, where temperatures drop below -12°C, it's advisable to provide winter protection. Mulch around the base of the bamboo plant and consider wrapping it with burlap or a frost blanket to shield it from harsh winter conditions.
By following these care instructions, you can help ensure the healthy growth and longevity of your Moso Bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis).